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Beijing Railway Station
Location: No.A13, Maojiawan Hutong, Dongcheng District
Beijing Railway Station is an important hub of the national railway transportation. Covering an area of 25 hectares (61.8 acres), it was initially built in 1901 during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Shortly after the birth of New China, this station had been enlarged, in 1959 becoming the biggest passenger transport station of those days. The building was impressively grand, with a combination of rich traditional and modern styles in its architecture. It was considered as one of the ten great constructions in the capital during the 1950s.
This station is located right in the city centre with convenient transports-numerous public buses and trains of the Subway Line 2 pass close to this station. The Beijing underground rail networks lie opposite it and there are buses taking passengers to both the inner and outer of the city. The station itself can hold over 8,000 passengers at any time. Beijing Railway Station is the top grade national station that serves many lines, including Jingshan (Beijing to Shandong), Jingqin (Beijing to Shaanxi), Jinghu (Beijing to Shanghai), Jingcheng (Beijing to Chengde City of Hebei Province), Jingyuan (Beijing to Shanxi) and Jingbao (Beijing to Baotou in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region). There are also international passenger trains that serve the Pyongyang, Ulan Bator and Moscow routes. Moreover, it also serves as a link between the inhabitants of the capital and the rest of the nation, as well as the Chinese people and the rest of the world.
Subway: Subway Line 2 to Beijing Subway Station, and then walk to the Beijing Railway Station.
1. Bus No.9, 10, 20, 25, 39, 59, 122, 203, 209, 403, 434, 639, 673, 729, 938 to Beijing Railway Station East, and then walk to the Beijing Railway Station.
2. Bus No.24, 403, 420, 457, 637, 639, 640, 668, 673, 674, 692, 728 (Branch), 729, 2 (Special) to Beijingzhanqian Street, and then walk to the Beijing Railway Station.
Beijing East Railway Station
Location: No.7, Baiziwan Road, Chaoyang District
Beijing East Railway Station mainly serves as a freight station, and also transports passengers. This station is the departure station for Jingbao (Beijing-Baotou City of Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region) Railway Line, Jingcheng (Beijing-Chengde City of Hebei Province) Railway Line and Jingqin (Beijing-Shaanxi Province) Railway Line. Being a gateway in the capital's railway backbone, it plays an important role in transporting passengers, bulk materials and railway shipments.
Bus Route: Bus No.11, 30, 31, 486, 605, 608, 715, 852, 938 (Sepcial), 985, 988 to Beijing East Railway Station North, and then walk to the Beijing East Railway Station.
Beijing West Railway Station
Location: No.19, Guanglian Lu, Fengtai District
Covering an area of 51 hectares (126 acres), Beijing West Railway Station is the latest in Beijing and the largest in Asia at present. The station lies to the south of the Beijing World Art Museum and China Central Television Station, and the whole building complex assume the shape of the Chinese character '品'. Its operation commenced in October 1995 and in year 2000, the station was expanded.
The construction of this station has greatly relieved the transportation pressure of Beijing Railway Station. Many trains depart from and arrive at this particular station, transporting more than 100,000 passengers a day. About 200,000 passengers would have gone through the station at its peak hours in a day, making it the nation's largest and busiest passenger station. The well-known Jingjiu Railway Line, serving from Beijing to Kowloon, begins at this station, which incidentally has vast parking lots for passengers' convenience.
Trains starting from this station can take you to the Central South China, South China, Southwest China and Northwest China. As a modernized large-scale station, it also has a well-constructed underground rail network that will be connected with the Subway Line 9 . Over at the square, public transportation lines take passengers to each of the urban districts. Beijing West Railway Station is undoubtedly an important showcase of complex rail networks in the capital.
Transportation: Bus Route: Bus No.9, 21, 40, 47, 50, 52, 54, 65, 67, 205, 209, 212, 301, 319, 320, 373, 374, 387, 414, 437, 609, 616, 661, 663, 673, 694, 695, 741, 802, 823, 937(Branch), 937 (Sepcial), 2 (Special) to Beijing West Railway Station.
Beijing South Railway Station
As its name says, Beijing South Railway Station is located in the south of the capital. In the past, this station was small and located in No.12, Yongwai Avenue, Chongwen District. The history of this station could be traced back to 1897 in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), when it was called Yongdingmen Railway Station, or Majiabao Railway Station. Slow trains arrive and depart from this station.
After reconstruction, the largest station of Asia is in service since August 1, 2008. This new station is situated in the borders of Xuanwu District, Chongwen District and Fengtai District. The new station consists of five storeys with two above ground and three underground. The second underground floor and the third underground floor are respectively connected with the stations of the Subway Line 4 and the Subway Line 14 , and passengers can transfer to the subway trains without going out of the railway station.
Over 300 pairs of trains arrive and start from this station. This station serves for the trains of the high-speed railways, including the Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway and the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway and direct trains to Jinan and Qingdao. It only takes half an hour and five hours respectively traveling from Beijing to Tianjin and from Beijing to Shanghai.
Bus Route: Bus No.20, 53, 63, 102, 106, 122, 203, 208, 377, 381, 454, 458, 485, 692, 741, 927 Qu (927区), 939, 943, 958, 986, Te 3, Te 5, Yuntong 102 to Beijing South Railway Station.
Beijing North Railway Station or Xizhimen Station
Built in 1906 during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Beijing North Railway Station is a rather small station. It is located near the Xizhimen Subway Station of the Subway Line 2 and the Subway Line 13 . The famous Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway, the first railway of China, starts from this station and provides an important access to the northwest of Beijing; they were both designed and inspected by Zhan Tianyou, the first railway engineer of China.
This station mainly serves the tourist trains to the suburb and nearby location of Beijing City, and the short-distance trains from Beijing to Hebei Province and Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. At present, this station is under reconstruction, and only a few trains arrive and start from here. In the future, it will be larger and more modern.
Subway: Subway Line 2 or Subway Line 13 to Xizhimen Subway Station, and then walk to the Beijing North Railway Station.
1. Bus No.21, 331, 375, 387, 392, 490, 604, 650, 693, 743 to Suojiafen, and then walk to the railway station.
2. Bus No.27, 44, 206, 347, 618, 800, 939 to Yutaoyuan, and then walk to the railway station.