Home : Beijing Attraction:

Tiananmen Square

Monument to the People's Heroes in Tian'anmen Square, Beijing

Tiananmen Square is the geographical center of Beijing City. It is the largest city square in the world, occupying an area of 440,000 square meters (about 109 acres), and able to accommodate 1,000,000 people at one time. The square is a conglomeration of splendid and beautiful flowers and the red national flag which flutters in the wind. The raising of the national flag is something which should not be missed by visitors to Tiananmen Square.

With the towering Monument to the People's Heroes at the center, Tiananmen Square has the magnificent Tiananmen Tower in the north, the solemn Mao Zedong Memorial Hall in the south, the National Museum of China in the east and the Great Hall of the People in the west. Surrounded by these lofty buildings, the Square looks most splendid and majestic and attracts many tourists every day.

In the center of the Square stands the Monument to the People's Heroes, which commemorates the martyrs who devoted their lives to the Chinese people. It reaches 37.94 meters (124 feet) which makes it the biggest monument in Chinese history. The body is made of hardy granite and is surrounded by white balusters. Engraved is the epigraph written by Mao Zedong, the founder of People's Republic of China. Eight reliefs depict the crucial events which took place in modern times, showing a part of the centuries-old history of China.

Huabiao in Beijing Tian'anmen Square

Tiananmen Tower in the south was built in 1417 during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). During this dynasty and the following Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) it was where proclamations were issued to the whole nation. The common people were prohibited from entering the tower, but now tourists with tickets are permitted to climb it. It has five arched gates and nine principle hall columns. With the delicately carved white marbles on its base and yellow tiles on the roof, the tower is quite resplendent. Under the tower flows the limpid Jinshui River, across which seven exquisite bridges are perched, named the Golden Water Bridges.

In the south of the Square is the Mao Zedong Memorial Hall. Mao Zedong, the first chairman of the People's Republic of China (PRC), is greatly admired by the Chinese People. The hall was built in 1977. It is divided into three halls: the main hall, the north hall and the south hall. The remains of Mao Zedong are laid in a crystal coffin in the main hall. From the exhibit in the north hall, you can learn something about Chairman Mao, Zhou Enlai and other founders of the state. While visiting the main hall, it is necessary to observe a respectful silence.

In the east of the Square is the National Museum of China which is a great treasure trove. This museum was officially opened in 2003. Its predecessors are the National Museum of Chinese History and the National Museum of the Chinese Revolution. It is a comprehensive museum with an emphasis on Chinese art and history. The National Museum of Chinese History has more than 3,000,000 precious articles which provide a vivid portrayal of Chinese history. In the National Museum of the Chinese Revolution there are displays of over 4,500 articles, including literature, pictures, drawings and sculptures. These depict the people's revolutions and movements to save China, which happened after the Opium War in 1840.

Great Hall of the People, Tian'anmen Square in Beijing

In the west of the Square is the Great Hall of the People which was built in 1959 and occupies a construction area of 170,000 square meters (42 acres). It is so called because the National People's Congress is held in this hall. When entering the building you will see the central hall which is decorated with white marble columns and crystal lights. At the back of the hall is the great hall which can hold 10,000 people. The banqueting hall in the north has 5,000 seats and grand banquets are conducted on important occasions. In the south are the offices of the National People's Congress Standing Committee.

Admission Fee:
Opening Hours:
Tiananmen Tower
CNY 15
Great Hall of the People
CNY 30
09:00-14:00 (December 1-March 31)
08:15-15:00 (April 1-June 30)
07:30-16:00 (July 1-August 31)
08:30-15:00 (September 1-December 30)
Mao Zedong Memorial Hall
08:30-11:30, 14:00-16:00 (Tuesday & Thursday)
08:30-11:30 (Tuesday-Sunday)

  • China Tours
  • Early Bird Booking

Comments and Questions

Dear Mr/Ms,

we are from travel Jakarta. 21 March 2016 will be there, we are 82 paxs. please kindly advise opening hours.
we do hope Tian An Men open on that day


Reply12/26/2015 2:12:52 AMsilvia,   Indonesia

Lisa :1/11/2016 3:32:06 AM

It actually is an open square without door, so it is open 24h throughout the year. Have fun!

Is Forbidden City and Tianmen Square open on 1st May which is May Day, a public holiday?

Reply3/26/2015 11:02:17 AMSritama,   India

Joe :3/29/2015 4:30:34 AM

The square is an open one without a gate. It is actually open throughout the year. And the Forbidden City is open on that day.

Sritama ( India ) :3/29/2015 9:56:23 AM

Thanks a lot.

i am a student in the architecture faculty of in egypt
and my graduation project is
i admire the history of china and i read a lot about it and i really need to know alot about their parliament i searched about floors plans for the parliament but i couldn't find any of it so can u help me plz i really appreciate ur help :)

Reply3/5/2013 6:52:51 AMsara,   Egypt

Emily :3/5/2013 5:03:54 PM

you can try to search "the Great Hall of the People in China" instead of parliament. why not pay a visit there?

Tiananmen Square cannot hold 10,000,000 people, as stated in the main article. Please correct this serious mistake.

It is very important that all facts are accurate.

Reply6/10/2011 12:10:40 AMsu,   China

Beijingtrip.com :6/12/2011 8:26:18 PM

Thank you for your information Su,
We have already checked it and corrected the wrong information on this page.

Thank you again for visiting Beijingtrip.com!

I want to visit Beijin in 9 hours, what is your recommendation and witch companies will you use for the tour.

Reply4/4/2011 9:19:00 PMMelanie,   Canada

Sara :4/7/2011 9:21:00 PM

9 hours are a short time, I think you can only go to visit Tiananmen Square and Forbidden City. You can just book a one-day Beijing tour through http://www.beijingtrip.com/travel/

I have been there it's cool!!!

Reply10/12/2010 6:24:00 AMPikachu,   Zimbabwe

Riachu ( Antarctica ) :2/23/2011 6:44:00 PM

cool story bro .

what time is the flat raising in tian an men?

Reply2/4/2011 8:23:00 AMmary,   Singapore

Hank :2/5/2011 9:41:00 PM

From Jan. 11 to Jun. 6, the flag raising time is move forward from 07:36 to 04:36, an average of 1 minute per day. From Jun.22 to Dec. 30, the time is delayed from 04:36 to 07:36, an average of 52 seconds per day. From Dec. 31 to Jan. 10 and from Jun. 7 to Jun. 21, the time is fixed at 07:36 and 04:36. When it is rainy, snowy and cloudy, the time is the same as the former day.

hi To everyone, i HatE windy whetheR is thEre a Week or 2 All without doeS ne1 no A Month AS i SAid i CRy in Evil wind, is there a wind free month

Reply11/11/2010 9:34:00 AMdfddo,   Andorra

R :11/11/2010 9:13:00 PM

you can go to beijing in September, i heard that it si the best time to beijing.

Blessings be upon all the memories of the square. May they live forever

Reply10/6/2010 8:36:00 PMpatmorita,   American Samoa

I am staying at an artist's building in hegezhuang village, very far from the city center. the taxi to the nearest subway is quite expensive. I have seen Bus 944 passing the streets nearby. Can anyone tell me if this bus connects to any subway station? Can I take this bus to get nearer to the city? Also how much is the bus fare? Thank you very much.

Reply4/17/2010 12:30:00 AMkarla,   France

Derek :4/19/2010 8:45:00 PM

I know that there is a Subway Station at Gongzhufen which Bus No. 944 passes by, and the ticket may be CNY1-2.
See More Comments(30)