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According to the result of the Fifth National Census by November 1, 2005, the total population of Beijing is approximately 15.38 million, much more than 3 million of which are non-native people.
The total area of the whole city is about 16,807.8 square kilometers (6,489.5 square miles), 62% of which is the mountainous region covering an area of 10,418 square kilometers (4,022 square miles), while 38% is the plain which is about 6,390 square kilometers (2,467 square miles).
The high northwest and low southeast make up the whole of Beijing's terrain. Its west is the Mt. Taihang and the north is the Mt. Yanshan. Between these two mountains is the Nankouguan Ditch. Together they form a semicircular ridge curving to the southeast and giving rise to the popular name 'Curved Beijing'. On the whole, its topography is remarkable for its grandeur.
There are 16 districts and 2 counties in Beijing as follows:
The city proper includes 4 districts (Dongcheng District, Xicheng District, Chongwen District, Xuanwu District); The suburban area comprises the other 12 districts, namely Chaoyang District, Haidian District, Fengtai District, Shijingshan District, Mentougou District, Fangshan District, Daxing District, Tongzhou District, Shunyi District, Changping District, Pinggu District and Huairou District
Yanqing County and Miyun County
Beijing is located at north latitude 39o56' and east longitude 116o20', majestically reposing on the northmost part of the North China Plain; to the northwest lies Shanxi Province and Inner Mongolian Plain, and towards the east is the Bohai Sea. Hebei Province, with the exception of Tianjin to the southeast, accounts for the rest of Beijing's immediate neighborhood.
Beijing, like the rest of China, is in the East Eight (GMT+8) time zone.
Beijing's area code in China is 010.
The Zip Code of the city contains six digits which begin with 100000.
Standard working hours in the city are from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
China Rose or Chrysanthemum is the city flower of Beijing.
The city tree of Beijing is Arborvitae or Chinese Scholar-tree.