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Great Wall

A Chinese saying goes that He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. If we laid the bricks and rocks used in the Great Wall of Ming to form a wall one meter (1.1 yard) wide and five meters (16.4 feet) high, it could circle the earth at the equator with great ease. It is such a spectacular and formidable architectural feat that anyone who comes to China should not miss it under any circumstances.

 Great Wall in Beijing  Beijing Great Wall Map

 

Juyongguan Pass Great Wall of Beijing

China's Great Wall is the world's longest architectural structure and is widely renowned as one of the seven great wonders of the world. The wall stretches 6,700 kilometers (4,163 miles) from the Jiayuguan Pass in Gansu Province to the Shanhaiguan Pass in Hebei Province. Like a gigantic dragon, this imposing wall meanders across mountains, spans vast plains and trudges through the barren deserts of China's northern interior. This amazing marvel of engineering took over 2,000 years to build. It is acclaimed to be a most magnificent miracle created by the Chinese people demonstrating the tenacity, diligence and wisdom of the Chinese people.

Mutianyu Great Wall, Beijing

Construction of the wall began early in the Warring States Period (475BC-221BC) when independent small states came into existence. In order to defend their territories, long walls were built along the borders. In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC), toppled the former states and unified China. To protect the country from intrusion of the nomadic Hun ethnic minority in the north, earlier separate walls were joined and extended dramatically. The walls at that time began at Linyao in Gansu Province and ended in Liaoning Province, reaching a total length of over 5,000 kilometers, hence it was known as the 'Ten Thousand Li Great Wall' (Li is a unit of length used by the Chinese and one li is equal to 0.5 kilometer.).

Watchtower in Great Wall, Beijing

Thereafter, the Great Wall was restored and lengthened time and time again. The later walls were not a long and frail wall but were complete fortifications with more annexes such as: castles, watch towers and beacon towers. In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), large-scale extensions generated the 'Great Wall of Ming', the ever longest wall in the history of China. The wall that we see today is primarily the result of a restoration that took place during the Ming Dynasty. However, some sections fell into ruins.

Now, sections at Shanhaiguan Pass, Badaling, Simatai, Mutianyu and Jiayuguan Pass have become celebrated tourist resorts. The Badaling Great Wall is the most famous attraction in China and is always thronged with visitors coming from all over the world.

Hereunder are the introductions to the different sections of the Great Wall of China:

Badaling Great Wall Jinshanling Huanghuacheng
Badaling Remnant Great Wall Juyongguan Simatai
Meng Jiangnu's Bitter Weeping Mutianyu

  
 Recommended Tours including the visit to Great Wall:
Grand Beijing Travel: 4-Day to Badaling, Ming Tombs, Summer Palace
Happy Beijing Tour: 5-Day to Forbidden City, Badaling, Temple of Heaven   

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Comments and Questions

Hello, can anyone tell me, how can I get to the Great Wall of China from Beijing city? and how much is the transport cost?

Thank you

Reply5/6/2013 1:40:26 AMNur Farhana,   Malaysia

Lisa :5/9/2013 7:09:24 PM

which section would you like to go?

Nur Farhana ( Malaysia ) :5/9/2013 8:05:38 PM

the cheapest cost one...

Lisa :5/10/2013 7:52:54 PM

i recommend the Badaling Section, which is has good facility and it is convenient for you to go.
you can take a subway or bus to Xizhimen, there you will find the Beijing North Railway Station. you can take a train to Badaling. remember to check the train schedule beforehand.
or you can take a bus or taxi to Deshengmen and connect a bus No. 877, 919 or 880 to Badaling great wall.

I have a few questions,
1. why is the wall so famous?
2. what is the wall made of?
3. since many men died building the wall, what was its nick name?
4.how tall is the wall?
5. how were messages sent along the wall???

Reply4/28/2009 7:04:00 PMBill,   United Kingdom

BiLLy ( Australia ) :11/29/2010 10:43:00 AM

Messages WeRe made by walking alright there Bill xxx

Mahjabeen ( Bangladesh ) :1/19/2011 6:30:00 AM

1:the wall is famous bcz of its length,width n it's age...

Krystine ( United States ) :5/5/2013 12:26:18 PM

the nickname for The Great Wall of China is "The Longest Grave in the World"

I have been to the wall,its a great experiance an amazing one.

Reply2/26/2013 2:30:16 AMALI,   Nigeria

they also burried the people who died making it in the wall its self

Reply3/15/2012 11:37:26 PMjay

shawn ( United States ) :1/1/2013 5:42:43 PM

if people were buried in the wall there would be air pockets in the and the wall would crumble so people were buried next to it

how long does it take to ride a bike across the wall?

Reply11/4/2012 2:31:27 PMi love chinese people,   China

Nancy :11/4/2012 5:23:12 PM

Which section of Great wall do you mean? To be frank, I don'g think you can ride a bike on the wall, since it is very steepy in some places and only stone steps are built on it.

Greetings from Singapore. I'd like to visit the Great Wall but cannot walk far and long. There are several passes eg. Juyongguan Pass, Huangyaguan Pass, where should I start and also I understand there is a cable-car ride available - is this correct and how much does it cost. Thank you.

Reply7/7/2012 6:58:52 AMJoyce Pathy,   Singapore

Kina :7/7/2012 7:15:29 PM

Juyongguan is located in the suburban area of Beijing, While Huangyaguan is in Tianjin. There is no cable car in the two scenic areas. If you can't walk for long, I advise you go to visit Badaling or Mutianyu where there are cabel car built, and they are more well-known among the visitors.
The cable car at Badaling charges CNY60 for a single way and CNy80 for a double way.
The cable car at Mutianyu costs CNY 45 for a single trip and CNY65 for a double trip.

Did they only make it for defence?

Reply5/22/2012 10:46:00 AMAnynomous,   Kuwait

David :5/22/2012 6:25:02 PM

of course not, the great wall was built out of many other purproses. i found a pretty good article about why the great wall was built, you can read it at:
http://www.chinatour360.com/greatwall/facts/why-built.htm

Can anyone explain the reasons for the Great Wall's architecture? Why was it built in such a way?

Reply3/9/2012 6:02:55 PMthe unknown

Anne :3/10/2012 1:45:22 AM

i think they built the great wall into a long and high wall to prevent the invaders.

J ( United States ) :5/8/2012 12:09:14 PM

It is said that they built it zigzag because the evil Quin emperor was told that evil demons couldn't pass through if it was zigzag. Little did he know that he was the evil one,hah!

keosha :5/14/2012 8:56:26 AM

well it was built that way so to confuse the invaders

Has anyone ever walked or ran the entire distance of The Wall?

Reply5/19/2011 9:04:03 AMHunter Kelley,   United States

Gina :5/22/2011 12:56:22 AM

i don't think any can finish the whole journey.

Milkshake ( Australia ) :6/16/2011 2:39:10 AM

I think someone can walk the whole wall if some of it was not broken.

anna ( China ) :11/2/2011 6:01:53 AM

i have been there it was an amazing trip

Elizabeth :2/25/2012 1:13:17 AM

no one can. it wasn't completed and some parts were destroyed and ruined.

Justin Bieber lover :2/26/2012 1:49:35 PM

I dont think anyone has walked or run the entire distance of the great wall!:)

Waffle king :3/22/2012 5:57:26 PM

I want to be the first maybe skip the parts that have been ruined

tehijiss:P :4/30/2012 8:36:41 AM

i ran/jogged 3746 kilomters on the great wal.. not non stop but in total in a month :D

I've got a project due and I need some good info on why it is significant and describe how it was built. Any Ideas??

Reply4/13/2012 10:31:10 PMKatie <3

Bobby :4/14/2012 7:45:23 PM

Great Wall of China was built to protect the Chinese people in northern China from being invaded by the northern nomadic tribes.
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